Essays by the halaal foundation pakistan

Audit of Slaughterhouses

The procedure of “General Halaal Audit” was discussed in the previous article. In this article, the procedure for the audit of slaughterhouses will be described, discussing the main issues involved in it.

1) Is the Animal or Bird Halaal?

An auditor checks how animals or birds are kept before slaughter because if Islam has allowed slaughtering animals for the sake of food, it does not mean they should be harshly knocked down the earth. Rather, we have been ordered to behave well with them. In an audit, the following issues regarding the condition of the animals / birds are specially focused:

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Food and Food Additives

If the ingredients of foods and beverages produced commercially are analyzed, they are found to be of two kinds:

  • Food


  • Food Additives


Food

There are two main sources of human food (Though, there is a third non-traditional source called yeast, but it is not a big source of food):

  1. Plant Source
  2. Animal Source

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General Halaal Audit: Introduction and Procedure

Halaal audit plays a key role in the process of Halaal certification. What is Halaal Audit? What is its procedure? What are the things to be observed therein? Issues like these are being discussed in this article.

Definition of Halaal Audit

Halaal audit is a systematic investigation of the implementation and the effectiveness of Halaal system throughout the supply chain in compliance with Shariah.

Internal and External Audit

Halaal Audit is performed at two stages. When any manufacturer wants to get his products certified, he, firstly, appoints an internal auditor to check the whole process of his production plant in compliance with Halaal Standards.

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Global Halaal Market

A Muslim must know that it is ALLAH S.W.T’s order to use Halaal and to abstain from manufacturing, selling and using Haraam products. By carrying out this order, Muslims can achieve financial benefits in the world besides the reward in the hereafter. Not only do the Muslims

all over the world buy products with Halaal logo but non-Muslims also prefer Halaal certified products for their good quality. I observed this attitude of Muslims and non-Muslims towards Halaal foods during my stay in South Africa. There, I myself would prefer those food products which had an authentic Halaal logo; for it was a non-Muslim country. This is the case not only in South Africa but all the Muslims living in non-Muslim countries as minorities show the same behavior. Therefore, the products with authentic Halaal logo exported from Pakistan or any other Muslim country to non-Muslim countries bring in more sales than those of non-Halaal certified products.

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Leather Products

When we talk about Halaal or Haraam, it is not just confined to meat or food; rather, the scope of Halaal and Haraam, permissible and impermissible, extends to many fields. Nowadays, Halaal has become a huge industry which includes food items, pharmaceuticals,

nutritional products, toiletries, cosmetics, clothing, etc.
In the same way, some services like packaging and distribution of food items, interest-free banking, Media, and travelling free from non-Shariah-compliant stuff are considered part of Halaal industry. But Shariah has its own terminology. For example, the term Halaal and Haraam are used for internally used stuff like food and other edible or oral materials while things used externally like cosmetics and garments are said to be pure or impure, and the above mentioned services are called permissible or impermissible.

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COMMON CRITICAL INGREDIENTS &THEIR SOURCES

It is an admitted fact that a lot of ingredients used in the modern-day consumer products are Haraam, Najis or Mashbooh (critical). Shariah Experts have been warning us against such things for a long time, but due to the negligence of the Islamic teachings, improper

implementation of the relevant laws and non-existence of a proper certification system, there are only a few people who care about using Halaal ingredients in their products.
The public at large do not demand Halaal certified products and continue using the Mashbooh imported products unhesitatingly. Under such circumstances, it is the responsibility of the Shariah scholars to inform the people of this alarming situation. It is really very difficult to determine the exact Shariah status of a product containing these critical ingredients because of the fact that such ingredients can be obtained from either Halaal or Haraam sources. As per Shariah rules, products containing such Mashbooh ingredients cannot be declared haraam or Najis in express terms. However, the Muslims should abstain from using such things so that they may avoid unintentional consumption of Haraam things and the effects thereof.

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Polysorbate

Polysorbate is a liquid that is used as emulsifier in cosmetic and food items. An emulsifier is a substance that mixes oil and water in the form of cream and lotion. The class of polysorbate has hydrophilic and nonionic properties. Polysorbates are produced by the reaction of ethylene oxide

with sorbitol and fatty acids.

Types of Polysorbate:

Polysorbates are divided into 5 main types, depending on which type of fatty acid they are attached to. The description is as follows:

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Some Critical Issues of Mechanical Slaughter and Solution to Them

Before mentioning the critical issues of slaughter, its terms and conditions are being presented.

Definition of Zabh (Slaughter):

To kill animal or birds according to the Shariah

-defined method which renders the meat Halaal for Muslims is called “Zabh” or “Dhabh”.

Slaughterer

  • The slaughterer must be a Muslim. (Animal slaughtered with the recitation of Allah’s name by a practicing Jew or Christian can also be used. But most of the western people have a tendency to atheism. Therefore, the Muslim slaughterers must be preferred to escape Haraam meat.


  • The slaughterer must be sane and must slaughter consciously. He must not be intoxicated or mad.


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Stunning

Islam stipulates that the allowed animals such as cow, ox, etc. must also be slaughtered according to the Shariah in order to render them Halaal, especially for oral consumption.
As it is common to use Haraam and Mashbooh ingredients in products, the conditions of Islamic

slaughter are not being fulfilled. So, there are some worth-considering issues regarding slaughter which are as follows:

    1. Stunning;
    2. To pass the birds with their stomachs and innards through the scalding tank which contains hot water;
    3. To slaughter with mechanical blade, etc.

In this article, a Shariah review of only stunning with focus on the following points is being presented:

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Types of Food Additives

During the Halaal certification course in South Africa, one of the presenters asked us how many ingredients are used in bread. The participants hardly named the four common ingredients: flour, salt, water and baking powder.
The presenter told that, in some kinds of bread,

more than 12 ingredients are used. Flour is its main ingredient while other ingredients are added for different purposes.
In the food industry, these additional ingredients are known as food additives.

Food additives are of several types according to their functions. And under every type, there are several food additives. For example, raising agent is a type or category of food additives which increase the volume of the food, usually during cooking, and the food additives which are used as raising agents are like yeast and baking powder.

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Worldwide Halaal Certification Bodies

Halaal certification has spread all over the world, and hundreds of organizations are working in this field. The growth of this field, especially in Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, South Africa and GCC countries, can be well understood by the fact that many accreditation organizations have

also been launched just to unite all the Halaal certification bodies under one umbrella.
Halaal certification bodies include both registered and non-registered. Some of them are really desirous to spread Halaal products among Muslim consumers and protect them from Haraam, but some people and organizations are active here because they take it to be a profitable business. The main evidence of it is that non-Muslim organizations, apart from the Muslim organizations, have also affixed “Halaal Certification” to their “Food Safety Certification” even though the issue of Halaal and Haraam does no really concern them.

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